Predictive Factor of Preresidency Publication on Career Academic Achievement in Urologist

AUA Journals

Figure 2. Pre-residency publication implications on career academic achievement. Proportion of urologists who entered academics (blue), obtained an NIH grant (red), and NIH R01 grant (green) after publishing at least one first author publication (Figure 2a), no first author publications (Figure 2b), at least one total publication (Figure 2c), and no total publications (Figure 2d) before entering residency.


Introduction: Publications at any point in training can impact future academic interest and achievement. Implications of publishing scholarly work prior to residency on accomplishments during and after residency are understudied.

Methods: We obtained publication output before, during and after residency for urologists graduating between 2002 and 2008 from the 36 training programs affiliated with a top 50 urology hospital nationwide. Additional collected information included fellowship training, current appointment, total and R01 National Institutes of Health grants, and h-index. We compared urologists’ preresidency scholarship with residency and career achievements.

Results: We retrieved data from 543 urologists, of whom 161 (29.7%) and 92 (16.9%) published 1 or more total and first author manuscripts before residency, respectively. A total of 269 (49.5%) urologists went on to pursue fellowship and 183 (33.7%) entered academic practice. Urologists with a first author publication before residency had increased odds of entering academics (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.2–3.1), obtaining National Institutes of Health grants (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.1–4.3) and acquiring National Institutes of Health R01 grants (OR 4.1, 95% CI 1.7–9.7). Those with more first author manuscripts prior to residency were also more likely to pursue fellowship (p=0.0002), have a higher h-index (p <0.0001) and publish more during (p <0.0001) and after residency (p=0.0002). However, those with more total publications before residency were only associated with greater h-index (p=0.002) and publications in residency (p=0.001).

Conclusions: Preresidency scholarly endeavors, particularly first author publications, are associated with future scholarly achievement, which may inform both resident selection procedures and medical education curricular development.